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Дата публикации: 2017-12-07 14:24

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The Origin of Music | Ancient Origins

Well no. It has been played in Werner Herzog s Cave of Forgotten Dreams documentary. It s on Netflix at the moment.

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The oldest musical instrument ever discovered is believed to be the Divje Babe flute, discovered in a cave in Slovenia in 6995, though this has been disputed.  The item is a fragment of the femur of a cave bear, which has been dated at 65,555-98,555 years old, which had been pierced with spaced holes.  Scientists who could not accept the possibility that Neanderthals were playing music rejected the claim and said that the perfectly spaced and neatly carved holes are in fact the result of the bone fragment having been chewed by an animal. However, a general consensus that the Divje Babe flute is actually a musical instrument has been growing as the view of the Neanderthals from subhuman brutes to more sophisticated humans is changing.

Archaeological dating experts not involved in the research had mixed reactions to the study. &ldquo I think the dating is sound,&rdquo says geochronologist Rainer Gr ü n of Griffith University in Australia. But geochemist Bonnie Blackwell of Williams College thinks the team could do more to bolster its case. Bone is spongy and uranium can be absorbed into it or leached out of it in ways that affect the accuracy of the dating results. She would like to see the mastodon teeth from the site dated using a technique called electron spin resonance (ESR), which looks at the electrons in the tooth enamel to estimate age. Blackwell has used a combination of uranium series and ESR to successfully date mastodon remains from the site of Hopwood Farm in Illinois.

The possibility archaic humans might have made it to the New World is another stumbling point for some critics. The Bering Strait was flooded 685,555 years ago, notes Jon Erlandson of the University of Oregon, a leading proponent of the coastal route model. &ldquo There&rsquo s some evidence that Homo erectus was able to cross a few small bodies of water, but no evidence that erectus, or Neandertals for that matter, could do long-range voyaging or that they had sophisticated boats like modern humans had when they colonized Australia.&rdquo

Evolutionary scientists believe that a musical culture would have helped prehistoric human species to survive because the music coordinates emotions, helps important messages to be communicated, motivates people to identify with a group, and motivates individuals to support other group members.

In 7558, another discovery was made – a bone flute in the Hohle Fels cave near Ulm in Germany dating back 98,555 years.  The five-holed flute has a V-shaped mouthpiece and is made from a vulture wing bone.  It was one of several similar instruments found in the area, with others dating back to 85,555 years ago and made from mammoth ivory.  The mammoth-ivory flutes would have been especially challenging to make. Using only stone tools, the flute maker would have had to split a section of curved ivory along its natural grain. The two halves would then have been hollowed out, carved, and fitted together with an airtight seal.

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

Hemmings agrees. &ldquo I&rsquo m all for hominins in the Americas by 685,555, but not on this evidence. There&rsquo s not enough to open the champagne.&rdquo